Estramustine (EM) is an antineoplastic drug used in the therapy of human prostatic carcinoma. The aim of our work was to evaluate the potential aneuploidogenic activity of estramustine, by analysing its cytogenetic effects induced in human lymphocytes. To estimate the ability of EM to induce mitotic spindle disturbances, two parameters were used: the presence of c-mitoses (according to the degree of chromatid spreading and contraction) and mitotic index evaluation (increase after exposure indicating the accumulation of mitoses). EM induced c-mitoses and mitotic index increases starting from the 4 microM dose: statistically significant increases were observed up to the highest dose (40 microM). A strong correlation between c-mitoses and mitotic index increase was found. The micronucleus (MN) assay combined with the fluorescence in situ hybridization technique with a pancentromeric DNA probe was also carried out. Compared to the control, EM induced significant MN increases in binucleated lymphocytes at two doses (8-16 microM). Moreover, we found that estramustine induced significant percentages of MN with positive hybridization signal at the same doses, confirming the presence of entire chromosomes in micronuclei. Additional experiments included induction of numerical and structural chromosome aberrations, and evaluation of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) and satellited (D- and G-group chromosomes) chromosome associations. The results of numerical chromosome aberration analysis indicated that EM was positive in inducing a statistically significant increase in aneuploid cells and/or polyploid cells at all doses tested. On the basis of these observations, EM may be defined as a typical aneuploidy inducer, whereas it was not found to increase the frequency of structural chromosome aberrations and SCE frequency.
|Autori interni:||MIGLIORE, LUCIA|
|Autori:||MIGLIORE L.; COCCHI L.; SCARPATO R.; SBRANA I|
|Titolo:||Induction of aneuploidy by the antineoplastic drug estramustine in human lymphocytes.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|