In anaesthetized guinea pigs, adenosine enhances the histamine-induced bronchospasm by means of a mechanism partly involving non-adrenergic-non-cholinergic (NANC) nerves, not related to capsaicin-sensitive neurons (Breschi et al., 1994). In the present paper, we excluded any interference by adenosine with the mediators known to be present in the airway inhibitory NANC system, VIP (vasoactive intestinal polypeptide) and NO (nitric oxide). The use of alpha-chymotrypsin or L-N(G)-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) failed to modify the potentiation under study. The effects of adenosine were further investigated by studying whether an increased release of excitatory mediators from non-neural cells, in particular 5-HT (5-hydroxytryptamine, serotonin) and arachidonic products, was involved. In this connection, methysergide did not significantly affect the modulatory action of adenosine, revealing that the release of 5-HT was also not involved. Inhibition was obtained with hydrocortisone and with nordihydroguaiaretic acid, but not with indomethacin or with the mastocyte membrane stabilizer, sodium cromoglycate. This evidence suggests that lipooxygenase products, not derived from mastocytes, probably participate in the potentiating effect of adenosine.
|Autori:||NIERI P.; LAZZERI N.; MARTINOTTI E.; BRESCHI M|
|Titolo:||Histaminic bronchospasm potentiated by adenosine: investigation of the mechanisms|
|Anno del prodotto:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|