The EURODIAB IDDM Complications Study, a cross-sectional, clinic-based study, was designed to measure the prevalence of diabetic complications in stratified samples of European insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients. As diet may be related to diabetic complications, nutritional intake was analysed in the study population. The aims of this first nutritional paper are to describe the nutrient intake in 2868 IDDM patients from 30 centres in 16 countries throughout Europe, to investigate the degree of regional differences in nutrient intake and to compare current intakes with recommended levels. Nutritional intake from 1458 male and 1410 female IDDM patients was assessed by a validated 3-day record (two weekdays, Sunday) and centrally analysed. Mean energy intake for all patients was 2390 +/- 707 kcal/day. Mean protein intake was 1.5 +/- 0.5 g/kg body weight. Carbohydrate intake was 43% and fibre intake 18 g/day. Alcohol intake for the total cohort was 2% of energy. Total fat contributed 38% of energy, with 14% from saturated fat. The Italian centres reported lower total and saturated fat intakes compared with other centres. Recommendations from the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group of the EASD for total fat, saturated fatty acids and carbohydrate were only achieved by 14%, 14% and 15% of patients, respectively. The data of the present study clearly indicate current problems in the nutritional intake of European IDDM patients. These findings contribute to the definition of future targets in the nutritional management of IDDM patients, to be achieved as part of the initiatives taken by the St. Vincent Declaration action programme.
|Autori:||Toeller M; Klischan A; Heitkamp G; Schumacher W; Milne R; Buyken A; Karamanos B; Gries FA; Fuller JH; Keen H; Krans HMJ; Navalesi R; Sjolie AK; Stephenson JM; Viberti GC; Tountas C; Kofinis A; Petrou K; Katsilambros N; RoussiPenessi D; Cignarelli M; Giorgino R; DeGeco ML; Ramunni I; IonescuTirgoviste C; Strachinariu R; Nicolau A; Tamas G; Kerenyi Z; Ahmed AM; Toth J; Kempler P; Muntoni S; Songini M; Stabilini M; Fossarello M; Pintus S; Ferriss B; Cronin CC; Humphreys M; Forst T; Wagener W; Venhaus A; Rottiers R; Priem H; Deschoolmeester MJ; Ebeling P; Sinisalo M; Koivisto VA; IdziorWalus B; Solnica B; SzopinskaCiba L; Solnica K; Lemkes HHPJ; Janse JJ; EltedeWever BM; NunesCorrea J; Boavida J; Carvalho R; Alfonso MJ; Monteiro M; David R; Jepson E; McHardyYoung S; Fuller JH; Betteridge DJ; Milne M; Michel G; Wirion R; Paquet S; Hornick H; Boulton AJM; Ashe H; Fernando DJS; Curwell J; Pozza G; Slaviero G; Comi G; Fattor B; Bandello F; Marchi M; Mehnert H; Nuber A; Janka H; Nichting M; Crepaldi G; Nosadini R; Cathelineau G; Cathelineau BV; Jellal M; Grodner N; Feiss PG; Baclet N; Santeusanio F; Rosi G; Ventura MRM; Cagini C; Marino C; Penno G; Miccoli R; Nannipieri M; Manfredi S; Bertolotto A; Ghirlanda G; Cotroneo P; Manto A; Teodonio C; Minnella A; Careddu G; Ward JD; Tesfaye S; Mody C; Rudd C; Molinatti GM; Vitelli F; Porta M; Pagano GF; Estivi P; Sivieri R; Carta Q; Petraroli G; Papazoglou N; Goutzourela M; Manes C; BenSoussan D; Fallas MC; Fallas P; Dhanaeus C; Bourgeois MD; Muggeo M; Cacciatori V; Bellavere F; Galante P; Gemma ML; Branzi P; Irsigler K; Abrahamian H; Gurdet C; Hornlein B; Willinger C; Strohner H; Just M; Walford S; Wardle EV; Henio S; Cooke H; Roglic G; Resman Z; Metelko Z; Skrabalo Z|
|Titolo:||Nutritional intake of 2868 IDDM patients from 30 centres in Europe|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF00403912|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|