A series of N'-phenylindol-3-ylglyoxylohydrazides, isosters of the N- benzylindol-3-ylglyoxylamide derivatives previously described by us, were synthesized and tested for their ability to displace [3H]Ro 15-1788 from bovine brain membranes. These compounds were designed with the aim of obtaining products which could exert an in vivo activity, thanks to a higher hydrosolubility and consequently a better bioavailability. Affinity was restricted to the derivatives unsubstituted in the 5 position of the indole nucleus (1, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 23, and 26), with K(i) values ranging from 510 to 11 nM. The most active compounds (6, 9, 23, and 29) proved to be effective in antagonizing pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures. Molecular modeling studies were performed to rationalize the lack of affinity of hydrazides with a chloro or a nitro group in the 5 position of the indole nucleus. It was hypothesized that the conformational preference of the hydrazide side chain, characterized by a gauche disposition of lone pairs and substituents about the N-N bond, prevents all hydrazides from binding to the receptor similarly to other classes of indole analogues previously investigated. The potency of 5-H hydrazides was attributed to a binding mode which is not feasible for 5- Cl and 5-NO2 counterparts. This theoretical model of ligand-receptor interaction permitted a more stringent interpretation of structure-affinity relationships of hydrazides and of recently described benzylamide derivatives (Da Settimo et al. J. Med. Chem. 1996, 39, 5083-5091).

N '-phenylindol-3-ylglyoxylohydrazide derivatives: Synthesis, structure-activity relationships, molecular modeling studies, and pharmacological action on brain benzodiazepine receptors

DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, FEDERICO;MARINI, ANNA MARIA;GESI, MARCO;MARTINI, CLAUDIA;GIANNACCINI, GINO;LUCACCHINI, ANTONIO
1998

Abstract

A series of N'-phenylindol-3-ylglyoxylohydrazides, isosters of the N- benzylindol-3-ylglyoxylamide derivatives previously described by us, were synthesized and tested for their ability to displace [3H]Ro 15-1788 from bovine brain membranes. These compounds were designed with the aim of obtaining products which could exert an in vivo activity, thanks to a higher hydrosolubility and consequently a better bioavailability. Affinity was restricted to the derivatives unsubstituted in the 5 position of the indole nucleus (1, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 23, and 26), with K(i) values ranging from 510 to 11 nM. The most active compounds (6, 9, 23, and 29) proved to be effective in antagonizing pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures. Molecular modeling studies were performed to rationalize the lack of affinity of hydrazides with a chloro or a nitro group in the 5 position of the indole nucleus. It was hypothesized that the conformational preference of the hydrazide side chain, characterized by a gauche disposition of lone pairs and substituents about the N-N bond, prevents all hydrazides from binding to the receptor similarly to other classes of indole analogues previously investigated. The potency of 5-H hydrazides was attributed to a binding mode which is not feasible for 5- Cl and 5-NO2 counterparts. This theoretical model of ligand-receptor interaction permitted a more stringent interpretation of structure-affinity relationships of hydrazides and of recently described benzylamide derivatives (Da Settimo et al. J. Med. Chem. 1996, 39, 5083-5091).
DA SETTIMO, A.; Primofiore, G.; DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, Federico; Marini, ANNA MARIA; Novellino, E.; Greco, G.; Gesi, Marco; Martini, Claudia; Giannaccini, Gino; Lucacchini, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/176256
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