Initial results are presented from CHOOZ(1), a long-baseline reactor-neutrino vacuum-oscillation experiment. The data reported here were taken during the period March to October 1997, when the two reactors ran at combined power levels varying from zero to values approaching their full rated power of 8.5 GW (thermal). Electron antineutrinos from the reactors were detected by a liquid scintillation calorimeter located at a distance of about 1 km. The detector was constructed in a tunnel protected from cosmic rays by a 300 MWE rock overburden. This massive shielding strongly reduced potentially troublesome backgrounds due to cosmic-ray muons, leading to a background rate of about one event per day, more than an order of magnitude smaller than the observed neutrino signal. From the statistical agreement between detected and expected neutrino event rates, we find (at 90% confidence level) no evidence for neutrino oscillations in the <(nu)over bar>(e) disappearance mode for the parameter region given approximately by Delta m(2) > 0.9 10(-3) eV(2) for maximum mixing and sin(2)(2 theta) > 0.18 for large Delta m(2). (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

Initial Results from the CHOOZ Long Baseline Reactor Neutrino Oscillation Experiment

CEI, FABRIZIO;NICOLO', DONATO;
1998

Abstract

Initial results are presented from CHOOZ(1), a long-baseline reactor-neutrino vacuum-oscillation experiment. The data reported here were taken during the period March to October 1997, when the two reactors ran at combined power levels varying from zero to values approaching their full rated power of 8.5 GW (thermal). Electron antineutrinos from the reactors were detected by a liquid scintillation calorimeter located at a distance of about 1 km. The detector was constructed in a tunnel protected from cosmic rays by a 300 MWE rock overburden. This massive shielding strongly reduced potentially troublesome backgrounds due to cosmic-ray muons, leading to a background rate of about one event per day, more than an order of magnitude smaller than the observed neutrino signal. From the statistical agreement between detected and expected neutrino event rates, we find (at 90% confidence level) no evidence for neutrino oscillations in the <(nu)over bar>(e) disappearance mode for the parameter region given approximately by Delta m(2) > 0.9 10(-3) eV(2) for maximum mixing and sin(2)(2 theta) > 0.18 for large Delta m(2). (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
Apollonio, M; Baldini, A; Bemporad, C; Caffau, E; Cei, Fabrizio; Déclais, Y; De Kerret, H; Dieterle, B; Etenko, A; George, J; Giannini, G; Grassi, M; Kozlov, Y; Kropp, W; Kryn, D; Laiman, M; Lane, Ce; Lefièvre, B; Machulin, I; Martemyanov, A; Martemyanov, V; Mikaelyan, L; Nicolo', Donato; Obolensky, M; Pazzi, R; Pieri, G; Price, L; Riley, S; Reeder, R; Sabelnikov, A; Santin, G; Skorokhvatov, M; Sobel, H; Steele, J; Steinberg, R; Sukhotin, S; Tomshaw, S; Veron, D; Vyrodov, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/176491
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