Intimal-medial thickening of the carotid wall is considered an early marker of atherosclerosis. Endothelial function is impaired in the presence of various cardiovascular risk factors that are implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. To evaluate the relationship between vascular reactivity and carotid intimal-medial thickening, in 44 (mean±SD age, 45.7±8.8 years; range, 28 to 60 years; 31 men and 13 women) patients with essential hypertension who had never been treated and whose history of increased blood pressure was no longer than 12 months, we evaluated several parameters: intimal-medial thickening of the common carotid arteries (by B-mode ultrasound); forearm vascular response (by strain-gauge plethysmography) to intrabrachial infusion of acetylcholine (0.15, 0.45, 1.5, 4.5, and 15 μg/100 mL forearm tissue per minute), an endothelium-dependent vasodilator, or sodium nitroprusside (1, 2, and 4 μg/100 mL forearm tissue per minute), an endothelium-independent vasodilator; calculated minimal forearm vascular resistances (the ratio between mean arterial pressure and maximal forearm vasodilation induced by 13 minutes of ischemia and 1 minute of exercise); and left ventricular mass index (on echocardiography profile). Carotid wall intimal-medial thickening showed a significant (P<0.001) inverse correlation with vasodilation to acetylcholine (r=−0.58) and age (r=−0.40), whereas no correlation was observed with the response to sodium nitroprusside or with minimal forearm vascular resistances, left ventricular mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and plasma cholesterol and glucose levels. Moreover, vasodilation to acetylcholine showed no correlation with minimal forearm vascular resistances or left ventricular mass index. Although comparison of different vascular “districts,” such as the forearm microcirculation and carotid artery, does not allow for a conclusive interpretation, the present data indicate that in patients with essential hypertension, carotid wall thickening is associated with reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilation and suggest that endothelial dysfunction might be involved in early arterial structural alterations.
|Autori interni:||GHIADONI, LORENZO|
|Autori:||Ghiadoni L; Taddei S; Virdis A; Sudano I; Di Legge V; Meola M; Di Venanzio L; Salvetti A.|
|Titolo:||Endothelial function and common carotid wall thickening in essential hypertensive patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1161/?01.HYP.32.1.25|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|