Endothelins exert their physiological effects through interaction with cell surface receptors that are members of the G-protein-coupled receptor family. The endothelin receptor subtype B (ETB receptor) is abundantly expressed in rat cerebellum. Since agonist binding to G-protein-coupled receptors may be modulated by cations and guanine nucleotides, we investigated the effects of cations and guanosine 5'-O-(2-thiotriphosphate) (GTP gammaS) on I-125-endothelin-1 (I-125-ET-1) binding to rat cerebellar membranes. Both Na+ and Mg2+-stimulated I-125-ET-1 binding causing an increase in receptor affinity for the agonist. While the effect of the divalent cation was evident at relatively low concentrations (5-10 mM), the stimulatory activity of the monovalent cation appeared at relatively high concentrations (50 mM). Additive activities of 25-50 mM NaCl and 1 mM MgCl2 suggested that monovalent and divalent cations increased receptor affinity for ET-1 by different mechanisms. In the presence of 5 mM MgCl2, 50 mM NaCl caused an additional modest reduction of the K-d value. Whereas 5 mM MgCl2 affected the displacement curves of both ET-3 and suc-[Glu(9), Ala(11,15)]-endothelin-1 (8-21) (IRL 1620), the influence of 50 mM NaCl on these curves was less substantial. All together, these results suggest that modulation of receptor affinity by NaCl depends on the nature of the displacing agonist. In the presence of 5 mM MgCl2 or 50 mM NaCl, a partial regulation of I-125-ET-1 binding by GTP gammaS was detectable, while in the absence of cations no GTP gammaS-dependent inhibition was evident. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Ceccarelli F; Giusti L; Bigini G; Costa B; Grillotti D; Fiumalbi E; Lucacchini A; Mazzoni M|
|Titolo:||Regulation of agonist binding to rat ETB receptors by cations and GTP gamma S|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0006-2952(01)00706-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|