Candida aquaetextoris, a yeast recently described for its ability to use 4-(1-nonyl)phenol (pNP) as the sole carbon and energy source in aerobic conditions, has been studied in order to determine the degradation products deriving from the growth on such a compound which is of environmental concern because of its proved toxicity to several organisms. Two main metabolites, namely trans-4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid and 4-hydroxy-acetophenone (4-acetylphenol), have been identi'ed through either TLC and NMR spectrometry analyses of liquid substrate from cultures of C. aquaetextoris grown on pNP, with 4-acetylphenol that accumulates without any further degradation. These 'ndings suggest that C. aquaetextoris might metabolise pNP via terminal oxidation of the alkyl chain, followed by a beta-oxidation pathway. On the basis of this evidence, a novel metabolic route for the microbial degradation of 4-(1-nonyl)phenol, at least in certain yeasts, is proposed.
|Autori:||Vallini G.; Frassinetti F.; D'Andrea F.; Catelani G.; Agnolucci M.|
|Titolo:||Biodegradation of 4-(1-nonyl)phenol by axenic cultures of the yeast Candida aquaetextoris. Identification of microbial breakdown products and proposal of a possible metabolic pathway|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0964-8305(01)00040-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|