Unilateral and minimally invasive parathyroidectomies with endoscopic and video-assisted technique have been introduced. Most of these procedures utilize preoperative localization and intraoperative monitoring of parathyroid hormone. There are only a few reports on these procedures. The objective of this study was to evaluate video-assisted parathyroidectomy (MIVAP) for surgery in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). From February 1997 to June 1999 a series of 123 consecutive patients with pHPT at four surgical centers were evaluated. The patients' ages ranged from 18 to 77 years (median 50 years). Preoperatively, sestamibi scintigraphy and ultrasonography for localization were performed for all patients. Selection criteria for a MIVAP procedure excluded patients with negative localization, suspicion of multiglandular disease (MGD) or thyroid malignancy, a large thyroid mass, and prior surgery or irradiation to the neck. MIVAP was performed with a 1.5 cm suprasternal incision; the operation was then done through this incision with a 30 degree 5 mm endoscope and microsurgical instruments with brief CO 2 insufflation for adenoma identification. We then proceeded with an open technique through the small incision under video-assistance. Intraoperative monitoring of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) assays was used in ali patients. Among the 123 patients in whom MIVAP was attempted, the procedure was accomplished in 109 (89%). Conversion to conventional cervicotomy was required in 14 (11%) patients because of failed localization, failure of the iPTH level to fall appropriately, or technical problems. There was no persistent or recurrent HPT during the 3 to 12-month follow-up. Oral calcium replacement for symptomatic hypocalcemia postoperatively was given in 7 (6%) cases. A unilateral transient laryngeal nerve palsy, resolving within 6 months postoperatively, occurred in two (2%) patients. The median hospital stay was 1.5 days (range 0.5-5.0 days). This study showed the feasibility of MIVAP as an alternative surgical treatment for pHPT in a selected group of patients. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the efficacy and rationale of MIVAP compared to other techniques for parathyroidectomy in pHPT patients.
|Autori:||LORENZ K; MICCOLI P; MONCHIK J; DUREN M; DRALLE H|
|Titolo:||minimally invasive video assisted parathyroidectomy: multiistitutional study|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|