Choroid plexus carcinomas in four dogs (three male, one female) aged 2.5 to 10 years, were examined by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. The dogs showed progressive neurological signs including ataxia, seizures, vestibular disease and cranial nerve deficits, lasting for several months in some cases. Primary tumours were localized in the lateral (one case), third (one case), and fourth (two cases) ventricles. Hydrocephalus was evident at post-mortem examination in one case. In two cases the neoplastic cells closely resembled the structure of normal choroid plexus, with a distinct papillary pattern, composed of well-differentiated columnar epithelium. In the other two cases, cellular pleomorphism, nuclear atypia, increased mitotic activity and necrosis were observed. In all cases, dissemination of neoplastic cell clusters was detected within the subarachnoid space or the ventricular cavity. Immunohistochemical examination showed a multifocal labelling pattern for pankeratin and cytokeratin AE1 and diffuse vimentin positivity in poorly differentiated tumours. Well-differentiated choroid plexus carcinomas showed multifocal immunoreactivity for cytokeratin AE3, multifocal to diffuse immunoreactivity for vimentin and occasional positivity for carcinoembryonic antigen. Epithelial membrane antigen, Ber EP4 and S-100 were negative in all cases. Glial fibrillary acidic protein labelling occurred only in a single, poorly differentiated tumour. Occasional reactions for proliferating cell nuclear antigen and MIB-1 were seen in two cases. It was concluded that at least two morphological and possibly phenotypic subtypes (well-differentiated and anaplastic) of choroid plexus carcinoma of the dog could be identified.
|Autori:||CANTILE C; CAMPANI D; MENICAGLI M; ARISPICI M.|
|Titolo:||Pathological and immunohistochemical studies of choroid plexus carcinoma of the dog|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1053/jcpa.2001.0544|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|