Eight healthy Holstein-Friesian calves and 8 Massese lambs of either sex (10–15-days old) were used to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of thiamphenicol after intravenous (i.v.) and oral (p.o.) administration (30 mg/kg). Plasma concentrations of thiamphenicol were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography on blood samples collected over 24 h following treatment. Pharmacokinetic variables of the drug were calculated for both species and after both administration routes. After intravenous administration of thiamphenicol, a rapid distribution phase was followed by a slower elimination phase and, when thiamphenicol was administered p.o., the bioavailability was about 60% in both species. The higher volume of distribution and the longer biological elimination half-lives in pre-ruminant compared with adult animals indicate that thiamphenicol distributes widely into the extravascular compartment of pre-ruminants. Interspecies differences were observed in the kinetic behaviour of thiamphenicol with respect to peak plasma concentration (Cmax), time of peak plasma concentration (Tmax), elimination half-life ðT1=2Þ and total clearance ðClBÞ. In conclusion intravenous or oral administration of 30 mg/kg of thiamphenicol provides plasma concentrations higher than minimum effective concentrations inhibiting bacterial growth (MICs) against most pathogens in pre-ruminant lambs and calves.
|Autori:||Mengozzi G; Intorre L; Bertini S; Giorgi M; Secchiari PL; Soldani G|
|Titolo:||A comparative kinetic study of thiamphenicol in pre-ruminant lambs and calves|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0034-5288(02)00110-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|