Quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography was performed with harmonic power Doppler analysis using the background subtraction and Levovist (Schering AG, Berlin, Germany) as contrast agent in a triggered modality. Quantitative analysis of echo-contrast was performed offline with PC software, obtaining the transit curves of microbubbles through the coronary capillary system. Coronary microcirculation in athletes showed a behavior substantially comparable with control participants, although at a higher level. Training determines a physiologic left ventricular hypertrophy that counterbalances the dilatation in the left ventricular chambers because of the higher blood volume in athletes compared with control participants. Angiogenesis and several functional adaptations (relaxation of small coronary arteries, increased production of nitric oxide by the coronary endothelium, or both), represent the potential mechanisms that allow an optimal distribution of oxygen and of substrates to the hypertrophied myocardium of the athletes.
|Autori:||Di Bello V; Giorgi D; Bertini A; Talini E; Mengozzi G; Palagi C; Nardi C; Paterni M; Mariani M|
|Titolo:||The role of quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography in the study of coronary microcirculation in athlete's heart|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1067/mje.2002.119259|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|