Purpose: To compare different growth conditions for endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs). Methods and materials: PBMNCs of healthy volunteers were cultured on fibronectin as follows: M199 with VEGF, bFGF, IGF-I; the same medium with bovine retina-derived extract (RDE); freshly isolated or depleted of adherent cells PBMNCs in HUVEC conditioned medium; DiI-stained PBMNCs with HUVECs (1:4 ratio) in M199 with RDE. PBMNCs were analysed by FACS using mAbs for endothelial markers. EPCs migration was determined using a modified Boyden chamber assay and VEGF as chemoattractant. EPCs were seeded alone or with HUVECs on Matrigel to assess in vitro angiogenesis. Results: With growth factors, numerous cell clusters appeared within 1 week. Spindle-shaped and attached cells sprouted, differentiating in endothelial cell (EC)-like cells within 2 weeks and forming cobblestone-like monolayers within 3 weeks. With RDE, numerous large cell clusters appeared within 1 week, but the number of cells with an EC morphology decreased during culture. FACS confirmed the endothelial phenotype and attached cells were able to migrate in response to VEGF. When nonadherent cells were cultured in HUVEC conditioned medium, they proliferated readily and EDCs were induced while freshly isolated cells neither proliferated nor induced EPCs. FACS analysis of the cocultures showed the presence of double-labeled PBMNCs expressing endothelial antigens. Capillary-like structures were observed on Matrigel only from cocultures and PBMNCs were able to incorporate in these networks. Conclusions: PBMNCs are able to differentiate in EPCs when stimulated with appropriate culture conditions (growth factors, HUVEC conditioned medium, HUVECs).
|Autori:||R. DI STEFANO; T.SANTONI; M. C. BARSOTTI; C. ARMANI; B. CHIFENTI; C. GUIDA; R. VANACORE; M. T. LOCCI; M. MARIANI; BALBARINI A|
|Titolo:||Different growth conditions for peripheral blood endothelial progenitors|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S1522-1865(03)00078-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|