Transient reduction in coronary perfusion pressure in the isolated mouse heart increases microvascular resistance (paradoxical vasoconstriction) by an endothelium-mediated mechanism. To assess the presence and extent of paradoxical vasoconstriction in hearts from normal and diabetic rats and to determine whether increased heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression and HO activity, using cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP), attenuates coronary microvascular response, male Wistar rats were rendered diabetic with nicotinamide/streptozotocin for 2 wk and either CoPP or vehicle was administered by intraperitoneal injection weekly for 3 wk (0.5 mg/100 g body wt). The isolated beating nonworking heart was submitted to transient low perfusion pressure (20 mmHg), and coronary resistance (CR) was measured. During low perfusion pressure, CR increased and was associated with increased lactate release. In diabetic rats, CR was higher, HO-1 expression and endothelial nitric oxide synthase were downregulated, and inducible nitric oxide synthase and O(2)(-) were upregulated. After 3 wk of CoPP treatment, HO activity was significantly increased in the heart. Upregulation of HO-1 expression and HO activity by CoPP resulted in the abolition of paradoxical vasoconstriction and a reduction in oxidative ischemic damage. In addition, there was a marked increase in serum adiponectin. Elevated HO-1 expression was associated with increased expression of cardiac endothelial nitric oxide synthase, B-cell leukemia/lymphoma extra long, and phospho activator protein kinase levels and decreased levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and malondialdehyde. These results suggest a critical role for HO-1 in microvascular tone control and myocardial protection during ischemia in both normal and mildly diabetic rats through the modulation of constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and activity, and an increase in serum adiponectin

Beneficial effect of heme oxygenase-1 expression on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion involves an increase in adiponectin in mildly diabetic rats.

NOVELLI, MICHELA;Baldi S;BARSACCHI, RENATA;PAOLICCHI, ALDO;MASIELLO, PELLEGRINO;
2007

Abstract

Transient reduction in coronary perfusion pressure in the isolated mouse heart increases microvascular resistance (paradoxical vasoconstriction) by an endothelium-mediated mechanism. To assess the presence and extent of paradoxical vasoconstriction in hearts from normal and diabetic rats and to determine whether increased heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression and HO activity, using cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP), attenuates coronary microvascular response, male Wistar rats were rendered diabetic with nicotinamide/streptozotocin for 2 wk and either CoPP or vehicle was administered by intraperitoneal injection weekly for 3 wk (0.5 mg/100 g body wt). The isolated beating nonworking heart was submitted to transient low perfusion pressure (20 mmHg), and coronary resistance (CR) was measured. During low perfusion pressure, CR increased and was associated with increased lactate release. In diabetic rats, CR was higher, HO-1 expression and endothelial nitric oxide synthase were downregulated, and inducible nitric oxide synthase and O(2)(-) were upregulated. After 3 wk of CoPP treatment, HO activity was significantly increased in the heart. Upregulation of HO-1 expression and HO activity by CoPP resulted in the abolition of paradoxical vasoconstriction and a reduction in oxidative ischemic damage. In addition, there was a marked increase in serum adiponectin. Elevated HO-1 expression was associated with increased expression of cardiac endothelial nitric oxide synthase, B-cell leukemia/lymphoma extra long, and phospho activator protein kinase levels and decreased levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and malondialdehyde. These results suggest a critical role for HO-1 in microvascular tone control and myocardial protection during ischemia in both normal and mildly diabetic rats through the modulation of constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and activity, and an increase in serum adiponectin
L'Abbate, A; Neglia, D; Vecoli, C; Novelli, Michela; Ottaviano, V; Baldi, S; Barsacchi, Renata; Paolicchi, Aldo; Masiello, Pellegrino; Drummond, Gs; Mcclung, Ja; Abraham, N. G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/180343
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