Even though lacking of solid experimental verifications, X-ray polarimetry is strongly established as a deep diagnostic tool for probing the emission mechanisms in astronomical sources of high energy radiation. The recent development of new, more efficient instrumentation, as well as the renewed interest of the theoreticians, has drawn a significant attention to the field. Particularly, the exploitation of the photoelectric effect for deriving polarization information seems to promise a great advance in sensitivity with respect to the conventional techniques. To this aim we have designed, produced and tested a CMOS VLSI array of 2101 pixels (with 80 pm pitch), to be directly used as the charge collecting anode of a Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM). Each pixel is fully covered by a hexagonal metal electrode and each of these electrodes is individually connected to a full electronics chain, built immediately below it; in this sense detector and read-out electronics become virtually the same thing. Even though we focus our attention on the polarimetric applications, our achievements are highly significant for the whole field of development of gas detectors, which for the first time reach the level of integration and resolution typical of solid state detectors.

A gas pixel detector for X-ray polarimetry

BALDINI, LUCA;ANGELINI, FRANCO;MASSAI, MARCO MARIA;RAZZANO, MASSIMILIANO;
2006

Abstract

Even though lacking of solid experimental verifications, X-ray polarimetry is strongly established as a deep diagnostic tool for probing the emission mechanisms in astronomical sources of high energy radiation. The recent development of new, more efficient instrumentation, as well as the renewed interest of the theoreticians, has drawn a significant attention to the field. Particularly, the exploitation of the photoelectric effect for deriving polarization information seems to promise a great advance in sensitivity with respect to the conventional techniques. To this aim we have designed, produced and tested a CMOS VLSI array of 2101 pixels (with 80 pm pitch), to be directly used as the charge collecting anode of a Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM). Each pixel is fully covered by a hexagonal metal electrode and each of these electrodes is individually connected to a full electronics chain, built immediately below it; in this sense detector and read-out electronics become virtually the same thing. Even though we focus our attention on the polarimetric applications, our achievements are highly significant for the whole field of development of gas detectors, which for the first time reach the level of integration and resolution typical of solid state detectors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/180427
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