The endothelin (ET) system influences tumourigenesis and tumour progression by various mechanisms, including angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether the expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is related to the angiogenic phenomenon in lung cancer and whether it could be involved in its clinical behaviour. Expression of ET-1, endothelia-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) and endothelia-receptors ETA and ETB was examined in 201 non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and corresponding normal tissues using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Forty NSCLC were also analysed for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by a competitive-PCR approach to assess whether ET-1 expression was related to this angiogenic factor. A higher number of cases with ET-1, ECE-1 and ETA mRNA expression was observed in malignant lung tumours compared with normal lung tissues (45.7% versus 33% for ET-1 (P < 0.0001); 38.3% versus 16.5% for ECE-1 (P = 0.004); and 42.8% versus 28.5% for ETA (P < 0.0001)). On the other hand, ETB mRNA was higher in normal lung tissues than in tumour samples (58.5% versus 52.8% (P < 0.0001)). Immunohistochemical analysis was also performed in 78 cases, selected from among those with high ET-1 mRNA, to confirm the presence of ET-1 protein and to determine its distribution and localisation. Moreover, an interesting relationship was observed between ET-1 and VEGF mRNA levels (P = 0.02). At univariate analysis, clinical-pathological parameters, such as sex, nodal metastatic involvement and stage, and ET-1 expression were seen to be significant predictors of worse prognosis regarding both overall survival (P = 0.001, P = 0.0003, P = 0.001 and P = 0.03, respectively) and disease-free interval (P = 0.0005, P = 0.0007, P = 0.001 and P = 0.04, respectively). We conclude that ET-1 could be involved in angiogenic phenomena in NSCLC and may represent a further indicator of progression and poor prognosis in this type of cancer, with interesting therapeutic implications. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Boldrini L; Gisfredi S; Ursino S; Faviana P; Lucchi M; Melfi F; Mussi A; Basolo F; Fontanini G|
|Titolo:||Expression of endothelia-1 is related to poor prognosis in non-small cell lung carcinoma|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ejca.2005.08.030|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|