Excess molar volumes, V E m , over the whole composition range for binary mixtures of 1-butanol, 2-butanol, and 2-methyl-2-propanol + 1-octanol, or 2-octanol, or din- butyl ether, or n-hexylacetate were determined at 298.15 K from density measurements carried out with a vibrating-tube densimeter. Small V E m values, both positive and negative, are displayed by mixtures containing 1- or 2-octanol, whereas positive and larger values are always found for mixtures containing dibutyl ether and hexylacetate. These results can be justified in terms of H-bonding interactions and/or steric hindrance due to the branched alkyl chains. Partial molar volumes at infinite dilution of the isomeric butanols in the C8 compounds were also calculated from the apparent molar volumes in dilute solution. The solute-solvent interactions and the effects of the local organisation of the solvent around the butanol molecules were discussed using the void and cavity volumes as different estimates of the intrinsic volume of the molecules. The volumetric behavior of butanols seems to be determined by the solute-solvent interactions rather than packaging effects.

Volumetric Properties of Binary Mixtures of Isomeric Butanols and C8 Solvents at 298.15 K

BERNAZZANI, LUCA;CAROSI, MARIA RITA;DUCE, CELIA;MOLLICA, VINCENZO
2006-01-01

Abstract

Excess molar volumes, V E m , over the whole composition range for binary mixtures of 1-butanol, 2-butanol, and 2-methyl-2-propanol + 1-octanol, or 2-octanol, or din- butyl ether, or n-hexylacetate were determined at 298.15 K from density measurements carried out with a vibrating-tube densimeter. Small V E m values, both positive and negative, are displayed by mixtures containing 1- or 2-octanol, whereas positive and larger values are always found for mixtures containing dibutyl ether and hexylacetate. These results can be justified in terms of H-bonding interactions and/or steric hindrance due to the branched alkyl chains. Partial molar volumes at infinite dilution of the isomeric butanols in the C8 compounds were also calculated from the apparent molar volumes in dilute solution. The solute-solvent interactions and the effects of the local organisation of the solvent around the butanol molecules were discussed using the void and cavity volumes as different estimates of the intrinsic volume of the molecules. The volumetric behavior of butanols seems to be determined by the solute-solvent interactions rather than packaging effects.
2006
Bernazzani, Luca; Carosi, MARIA RITA; Duce, Celia; Gianni, P; Mollica, Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/181111
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