GH plays an important role in longitudinal bone growth and maturation during childhood and adolescence. However, GH has important metabolic functions other than bone growth, which become more apparent during young adulthood, when growth has been completed. Indeed, GH deficiency (GHD) in adult life is a recognized clinical syndrome which includes symptoms such as increased central adiposity, decreased lean body mass, reduced bone mineral density (BMD), increased atherogenic risk, cerebrovascular and cardiac morbidity and mortality, and reduced quality of life. As approximately one quarter of the children with GHD should continue GH administration in adulthood, it is important to reconfirm GHD at the end of growth in order to select patients with severe GHD who need to resume GH therapy with an appropriate age-related dosage. Some evidence indicates that most peak bone mass (PBM) is achieved by the end of adolescence but small increases in BMD continue during the period of transition from late adolescence to young adulthood. Some young adults with GHD show a persistent increase of lumbar BMD after the completion of growth even after discontinuation of treatment suggesting a spontaneous progression towards lumbar PBM or a continuing effect of the treatment. The data indicates that adolescents with GHD who do not reach lumbar PBM at the time of discontinuation of GH treatment can achieve a BMD lower than their genetic potential if they are not treated during the transition to young adulthood. (C) 2004, Editrice Kurtis.
|Autori:||SAGGESE G; BARONCELLI GI; VANACORE T; FIORE L; RUGGIERI S; FEDERICO G|
|Titolo:||Indications and strategies for continuing GH treatment during transition from late adolescence to early adulthood in patients with GH deficiency: The impact on bone mass|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|