Three patients with the carcinoid syndrome received intravenous somatostatin (3.5 micrograms/min) for one day; intravenous salmon calcitonin (8 IU/hr) for one day; subcutaneous salmon calcitonin (100 IU three times daily) for ten days; and subcutaneous octreotide (150 micrograms three times daily) for ten days. Octreotide (SMS-201.995) is a stable analogue of somatostatin. There was a five-day washout period between each treatment. During each of these treatments, reductions in the numbers of daily flushes and bowel movements, stool weight, and urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels were observed. Relief of cramping abdominal pains was also reported. Patients 1 and 3 chose to continue receiving the subcutaneous calcitonin and patient 2 chose the octreotide. Patient 1 (aged 67 years) reported relief of symptoms for five months until she developed an intestinal obstruction as a result of tumor infiltration. Patient 3 (aged 67 years) has received the calcitonin for about 16 months with relief of symptoms and reduced urinary 5-HIAA levels. Patient 2 (aged 57 years) has continued octreotide treatment for one year and reports relief of symptoms.
|Autori:||Antonelli A; Gambuzza C; Bertoni F; Baschieri L.|
|Titolo:||Treatment of the carcinoid syndrome with somatostatin, salmon calcitonin, or octreotide.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|