The developing weakly turbulent regime of mixed convection in a uniformly heated horizontal pipe was first studied experimentally, by means of heat transfer measurements in the following ranges of dimensionless numbers: 3190<Re<6390, 1.80*10^8<Gr_h<4.20*10^8. The working fluid was FC-72, with Pr=12.4. In order to gain a better insight into the thermo-fluid dynamics involved in the phenomenon and obtain the velocity and temperature fields at every point of the fluid domain, numerical simulations were performed by means of commercial software. Turbulence was modelled by using the Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations (RANS) approach. Two closures of the governing equations were evaluated: realizable kappa–epsilon (RKE) model and renormalization-group kappa–epsilon (RNG) model. Both models were capable of reproducing the observed physical trends. However, deviations from the experimental data lower than 20% were obtained only in the entry-zone with the RKE model, while the RNG model gave fair predictions only in developed or quasi-developed flow.
|Autori:||GRASSI W; D. TESTI|
|Titolo:||Evaluation of two RANS turbulence models in predicting developing mixed convection within a heated horizontal pipe|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/10618560701684470|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|