Mitochondrial benzodiazepine-receptor (mBzR) ligands constitute a heterogeneous class of compounds that show a pleiotropic spectrum of effects within the cells, including the modulation of apoptosis. In this paper, a novel synthetic 2-phenylindol-3-ylglyoxylamide derivative, N,N-di-n-butyl-5-chloro-2-(4-chlorophenyl)indol-3-ylglyoxylamide (PIGA), which shows high affinity and selectivity for the mBzR, is demonstrated to induce apoptosis in rat C6 glioma cells. PIGA was able to dissipate mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsim) and to cause a significant cytosolic accumulation of cytochrome c. Moreover, typical features of apoptotic cell death, such as caspase-3 activation and DNA fragmentation, were also detected in PIGA-treated cells. Our data expand the knowledge on mBzR ligand-mediated apoptosis and suggest PIGA as a novel proapoptotic compound with therapeutic potential against glial tumours, in which apoptosis resistance has been reported to be involved in carcinogenesis.

PIGA (N,N-Di-n-butyl-5-chloro-2-(4-chlorophenyl)indol-3-ylglyoxylamide), a new mitochondrial benzodiazepine-receptor ligand, induces apoptosis in C6 glioma cells

CHELLI, BEATRICE;ROSSI, LEONARDO;DA POZZO, ELEONORA;COSTA, BARBARA;SALVETTI, ALESSANDRA;LENA, ANNALISA;SIMORINI, FRANCESCA;DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, FEDERICO;GREMIGNI, VITTORIO;MARTINI, CLAUDIA
2005

Abstract

Mitochondrial benzodiazepine-receptor (mBzR) ligands constitute a heterogeneous class of compounds that show a pleiotropic spectrum of effects within the cells, including the modulation of apoptosis. In this paper, a novel synthetic 2-phenylindol-3-ylglyoxylamide derivative, N,N-di-n-butyl-5-chloro-2-(4-chlorophenyl)indol-3-ylglyoxylamide (PIGA), which shows high affinity and selectivity for the mBzR, is demonstrated to induce apoptosis in rat C6 glioma cells. PIGA was able to dissipate mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsim) and to cause a significant cytosolic accumulation of cytochrome c. Moreover, typical features of apoptotic cell death, such as caspase-3 activation and DNA fragmentation, were also detected in PIGA-treated cells. Our data expand the knowledge on mBzR ligand-mediated apoptosis and suggest PIGA as a novel proapoptotic compound with therapeutic potential against glial tumours, in which apoptosis resistance has been reported to be involved in carcinogenesis.
Chelli, Beatrice; Rossi, Leonardo; DA POZZO, Eleonora; Costa, Barbara; F., Spinetti; M., Rechichi; Salvetti, Alessandra; Lena, Annalisa; Simorini, Francesca; R., Vanacore; F., Scatena; DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, Federico; Gremigni, Vittorio; Martini, Claudia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/181742
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