In hemodialysis patients, C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase reactant, is a sensitive and independent marker of malnutrition, anemia, and cardiovascular mortality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate CRP levels in plasma samples from long-term hemodialysis patients on different extracorporeal modalities and dialyzed with different membranes, at baseline and after 6 months. Two hundred and forty-seven patients were recruited in eight hospital-based centers. All patients had been on their dialytic modality for at least 3 months and were prospectively followed in their initial dialytic modality for 6 months. Patients were treated with conventional bicarbonate dialysis (N = 127) or hemodiafiltration (N = 120). Patients treated with conventional bicarbonate dialysis were dialyzed with different membranes: Cuprophane (N = 51), low-flux cellulose modified membrane (N = 37) and synthetic membranes (N = 39). Hemodiafiltration was performed in post-dilution mode with polysulfone (N = 66) and polyacrylonitrile (N = 54) membranes. Analysis of baseline CRP values in the clinically stable patients showed that an unexpectedly high proportion (47%) of the patients had CRP values higher than 5 mg/l (upper limit in normal subjects). The mean +/- S.D. CRP values were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes < 10 l per session (14.6+/-3.1 mg/l) than in standard hemodialysis (5.1 +/- 2.1 mg/l) and hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes > 20 l per session (4.9 +/- 2.1 mg/l). These values did not significantly change after 6 months of follow-up. Concerning the membranes, the highest levels of CRP were observed in patients dialyzed with Cuprophane with a significant increase from 15.1 +/- 3.6 to 21.2 +/- 3.1 mg/l after 6 months (P < 0.05); a significant reduction of CRP levels was observed in patients dialyzed with polysulfone in the same follow-up period (from 13.5 +/- 2.9 to 8.1 +/- 2.4 mg/l; P < 0.05). The CRP increase following low volume HDF can be related to back-filtration of bacterial derived contaminants.; moreover, an important effect on CRP of the hemodialysis membrane is observed and new synthetic membranes can be used to decrease these levels.
|Autori interni:||PANICHI, VINCENZO|
|Autori:||Panichi V; Rizza GM; Taccola D; Paoletti S; Mantuano E; Migliori M; Frangioni S; Filippi C; Carpi A|
|Titolo:||C-reactive protein in patients on chronic hemodialysis with different techniques and different membranes|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.biopha.2005.06.013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|