OBJECTIVE - To test the hypothesis that enzymes conventionally associated with liver dysfunction (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotranlsferase, gamma-glutamyltransferase [GGTI, and alkaline phosphatase) may predict diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - From a population-based diabetes survey, we selected 1,441 men and women in whom serum enzyme levels were <= 3 SDs of the mean population value, alcohol intake was < 250 g/week, and hepatitis B and C virus testing was negative. At follow-up (7 years), 94 subjects developed diabetes and 93 impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). RESULTS - At baseline, all four enzymes were related to most of the features of the metabolic syndrome. After controlling for sex, age, adiposity/fat distribution, alcohol intake, serum lipids, and blood pressure, higher alanine aminotransferase and GGT values were significantly (P < 0.01) associated with both IGT and diabetes, whereas alkaline phosphatase was associated with diabetes only (P = 0.0004) and aspartate aminotransferase with IGT only (P = 0.0001). Raised GIST alone was associated with all the features of the metabolic syndrome. Raised GGT was a significant predictor of either IGT or diabetes (odds ratio 1.62 [95% CI 1.08-2.421 top quartile vs. lower quartiles, P < 0.02) after controlling for sex, age, adiposity/fat distribution, alcohol consumption, fasting plasma insulin and proinsulin levels, and 2-h postglucose plasma glucose concentrations. CONCLUSIONS - Although mild elevations in liver enzymes are associated with features of the metabolic syndrome, only raised GIST is an independent predictor of deterioration of glucose tolerance to IGT or diabetes. As GGT signals oxidative stress, the association With diabetes may reflect both hepatic steatosis and enhanced oxidative stress.
|Autori:||Nannipieri M; Gonzales C; Baldi S; Posadas R; Williams K; Hafner SM; Stern MP; Ferrannini E; MEXICO CITY DIABETES STUDY|
|Titolo:||Liver enzymes, the metabolic syndrome, and incident diabetes: the Mexico City diabetes study|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2337/diacare.28.7.1757|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|