Much research has been performed with the aim of isolating the basic notions of object-oriented languages and of describing them by basic operators which can be embedded in strongly-typed languages. In this context we define an atomic linguistic construct to capture the notion of message passing, and we define a static and strong type system, based on subtyping, for this construct. Message passing is modelled as the application of an overloaded function, whose behavior is determined only at compile-time on the basis of the class which created a distinguished argument, the object "receiving" the message. By embedding this mechanism in a strongly-typed language with subtyping and abstract data types we can obtain the full functionality of object-oriented languages. We show that this approach is strictly more expressive then the usual interpretation of message passing as selection plus application of a functional record field.
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