A reduced GH secretion has often been shown in prepubertal children with delays in pubertal development. In order to study the mechanism underlying this finding, we evaluated peripheral circulating levels of GH, GHRH, and somatostatin (SRIH) before and after the onset of sexual development in a group of eight late maturing children (six boys, two girls), comparing the results with those obtained in two groups of five prepubertal and four pubertal short children with familial short stature. GH was measured by a two-site immunoradiometric assay. Both GHRH and SRIH were assayed by specific RIAs after an acetone-petrolether extraction from plasma. Our data showed a significant increase (P < 0.001) in GH, GHRH, and SRIH levels (peak vs. basal values) in response to L-dopa administration in all groups. In pubertal children with delays in pubertal development GH and GHRH peak values (15.8 +/- 2.2-mu-g/L and 120 +/- 18 pg/mL, respectively) were significantly greater (P < 0.001) than in the same subjects before puberty (8.2 +/- 0.9-mu-g/L and 79 +/- 9 pg/mL, respectively), whereas SRIH peak values did not significantly change (41 +/- 6 vs. 41 +/- 5 pg/mL; P = NS). Furthermore, prepubertal subjects with delays in pubertal development showed GH and GHRH peak values lower (P < 0.001) than those of prepubertal subjects with FSS (13.3 +/- 1.8-mu-g/L and 120 +/- 13 pg/mL, respectively, whereas no statistical difference was present between the two groups of subjects after pubertal development (18.2 +/- 2.9-mu-g/L and 128 +/- 11 pg/mL, respectively). In conclusion, these finding supports the assumption that in late maturing subjects during prepubertal period the decreased GH secretion may be ascribed to a reduced GHRH secretion, reversible with the onset of puberty, without change in circulating SRIH levels.

Stimulated growth-hormone (GH) secretion in children with delays in pubertal development before and after the onset of puberty - relationship with peripheral plasma GH-releasing hormone and somatostatin levels

SAGGESE, GIUSEPPE;
1992

Abstract

A reduced GH secretion has often been shown in prepubertal children with delays in pubertal development. In order to study the mechanism underlying this finding, we evaluated peripheral circulating levels of GH, GHRH, and somatostatin (SRIH) before and after the onset of sexual development in a group of eight late maturing children (six boys, two girls), comparing the results with those obtained in two groups of five prepubertal and four pubertal short children with familial short stature. GH was measured by a two-site immunoradiometric assay. Both GHRH and SRIH were assayed by specific RIAs after an acetone-petrolether extraction from plasma. Our data showed a significant increase (P < 0.001) in GH, GHRH, and SRIH levels (peak vs. basal values) in response to L-dopa administration in all groups. In pubertal children with delays in pubertal development GH and GHRH peak values (15.8 +/- 2.2-mu-g/L and 120 +/- 18 pg/mL, respectively) were significantly greater (P < 0.001) than in the same subjects before puberty (8.2 +/- 0.9-mu-g/L and 79 +/- 9 pg/mL, respectively), whereas SRIH peak values did not significantly change (41 +/- 6 vs. 41 +/- 5 pg/mL; P = NS). Furthermore, prepubertal subjects with delays in pubertal development showed GH and GHRH peak values lower (P < 0.001) than those of prepubertal subjects with FSS (13.3 +/- 1.8-mu-g/L and 120 +/- 13 pg/mL, respectively, whereas no statistical difference was present between the two groups of subjects after pubertal development (18.2 +/- 2.9-mu-g/L and 128 +/- 11 pg/mL, respectively). In conclusion, these finding supports the assumption that in late maturing subjects during prepubertal period the decreased GH secretion may be ascribed to a reduced GHRH secretion, reversible with the onset of puberty, without change in circulating SRIH levels.
Saggese, Giuseppe; Cesaretti, G; Giannessi, N; Bracaloni, C; Cinquanta, L; Cioni, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/18363
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