The southern margin of the Caribbean Plate is well exposed in the Cordillera de la Costa of northern Venezuela, where amalgamated terranes consisting of continental and oceanic units occur. In the Cordillera de la Costa, metamorphosed oceanic units crop out along the coast near Caracas. Among them, the Tacagua unit is characterized by metaserpentinites and metabasites showing mid-oceanic ridge basalt geochemical affinity. These lithologies, representative of a disrupted ophiolite sequence, are associated with metasediments consisting of calcschists alternating with pelitic and psammitic schists, whose protoliths were probably represented by deep-sea hemipelagic and turbiditic deposits. In the Tacagua unit, a polyphase deformation history has been reconstructed, consisting of four folding phases from D1 to D4. Geological setting suggests an involvement of the Tacagua unit in the processes connected with a subduction zone. The following deformations (from D2 to D4) observed in the field might be related to the exhumation history of the Tacagua unit. The late deformation history consists of an alternation of deformation phases characterized by displacement parallel (D2 and D4 phases) and normal (D3 phase) to plate boundary between the Caribbean and South America Plates. All lines of geological evidence suggest that the whole evolution of the Tacagua unit was acquired in a setting dominated by oblique convergence, in which alternation of strike-slip and pure compressional or pure extensional tectonics occurred through time.
|Autori:||ELLERO A; MALASOMA A; MARRONI M; PANDOLFI L.; URBANI F|
|Titolo:||Tectono-metamorphic history of the Tacagua ophiolitic unit (Cordillera de la Costa, Northern Venezuela): insights in the evolution of the southern margin of the Caribbean plate|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1440-1738.2007.00561.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|