Anti-DNA antibodies and anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA) are often detected in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Anti-DNA antibodies can also bind the membrane of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), but little is known about the presence of AECA in the population of immunoglobulins from SLE sera that do not bind DNA. The aim of this study is to analyse the ability of anti-DNA and non-anti-DNA antibodies from SLE sera to bind endothelial cell antigens and to investigate their pathogenic potential. Both anti-DNA and non-anti-DNA antibodies display AECA activity by immunoprecipitation and flow cytometry and in some patients recognize antigens of identical molecular weight. Complement-dependent cytotoxicity on HUVEC was not detected with either anti-DNA or non-anti-DNA antibodies. Similarly, apoptosis was not induced in HUVEC and HL60 incubated with anti-DNA or non-anti-DNA antibodies, as shown by the DNA hypodiploid content. These data indicate that AECA are highly heterogeneous, as they recognize a wide variety of surface molecules on HUVEC and equally present in anti-DNA and non-anti-DNA antibodies from SLE patients.

Endothelial cell binding by systemic lupus antibodies: functional properties and relationship with anti-DNA activity

MOSCATO, STEFANIA;PRATESI, FEDERICO;SCAVUZZO, MARIA CONCETTA;BOMBARDIERI, STEFANO;MIGLIORINI, PAOLA
2002-01-01

Abstract

Anti-DNA antibodies and anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA) are often detected in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Anti-DNA antibodies can also bind the membrane of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), but little is known about the presence of AECA in the population of immunoglobulins from SLE sera that do not bind DNA. The aim of this study is to analyse the ability of anti-DNA and non-anti-DNA antibodies from SLE sera to bind endothelial cell antigens and to investigate their pathogenic potential. Both anti-DNA and non-anti-DNA antibodies display AECA activity by immunoprecipitation and flow cytometry and in some patients recognize antigens of identical molecular weight. Complement-dependent cytotoxicity on HUVEC was not detected with either anti-DNA or non-anti-DNA antibodies. Similarly, apoptosis was not induced in HUVEC and HL60 incubated with anti-DNA or non-anti-DNA antibodies, as shown by the DNA hypodiploid content. These data indicate that AECA are highly heterogeneous, as they recognize a wide variety of surface molecules on HUVEC and equally present in anti-DNA and non-anti-DNA antibodies from SLE patients.
Moscato, Stefania; Pratesi, Federico; Bongiorni, F; Scavuzzo, MARIA CONCETTA; Chimenti, D; Bombardieri, Stefano; Migliorini, Paola
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/183903
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