This study investigated the effect of acute liver damage on the inactivation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to its main catabolite 5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouracil (5-FUH2) in mice. Plasma pharmacokinetics of 5-FU and 5-FUH2 in mice receiving 5-FU (10, 30, and 90 mg/kg) were compared to those in mice pretreated with carbon tetrachloride and receiving the same 5-FU doses. Carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic damage was histopathologically examined under light microscopy and serum transaminases and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase activities were also measured. Liver histopathology and elevated aminotransferase activity levels confirmed the presence of liver damage. 5-FU C(max) and AUC both increased up to 71% in mice with liver damage. This was reflected by decreased 5-FUH2 production, since 5-FUH2 C(max) and AUC levels decreased up to 47% and 61%, respectively. Metabolic ratios between 5-FUH2 and 5-FU AUCs were considerably decreased as well, further suggesting that liver damage caused a reduction in 5-FU catabolism. DPD activity was not altered in damaged livers. The present results indicate that 5-FU disposition in mice could be profoundly altered in the presence of severe liver impairment, potentially leading to enhanced anabolic activation of 5-FU. This effect seems to be ascribed to a reduction of viable hepatocytes, rather than to an inactivation of DPD activity.

5-Fluorouracil catabolism to 5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouracil is reduced by acute liver impairment in mice

DANESI, ROMANO;BOCCI, GUIDO;NATALE, GIANFRANCO;
2005

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of acute liver damage on the inactivation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to its main catabolite 5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouracil (5-FUH2) in mice. Plasma pharmacokinetics of 5-FU and 5-FUH2 in mice receiving 5-FU (10, 30, and 90 mg/kg) were compared to those in mice pretreated with carbon tetrachloride and receiving the same 5-FU doses. Carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic damage was histopathologically examined under light microscopy and serum transaminases and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase activities were also measured. Liver histopathology and elevated aminotransferase activity levels confirmed the presence of liver damage. 5-FU C(max) and AUC both increased up to 71% in mice with liver damage. This was reflected by decreased 5-FUH2 production, since 5-FUH2 C(max) and AUC levels decreased up to 47% and 61%, respectively. Metabolic ratios between 5-FUH2 and 5-FU AUCs were considerably decreased as well, further suggesting that liver damage caused a reduction in 5-FU catabolism. DPD activity was not altered in damaged livers. The present results indicate that 5-FU disposition in mice could be profoundly altered in the presence of severe liver impairment, potentially leading to enhanced anabolic activation of 5-FU. This effect seems to be ascribed to a reduction of viable hepatocytes, rather than to an inactivation of DPD activity.
Innocenti, F; Danesi, Romano; Bocci, Guido; Natale, Gianfranco; DEL TACCA, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/184122
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