Foid-bearing syenite cognate xenoliths represent fragments of the upper peripheral parts of the K-phonolitic portions of the 79 AD magma chamber, wrenched during the explosive eruption. Abundant multiphase fluid inclusions are hosted within K-feldspar and coexist with rare silicate melt inclusions. This gives evidence to the exsolution of a magmatic volatile-rich phase from the peripheral parts of the silicate magma chamber. The characterization of daughter mineral assemblage of these fluid inclusions, by SEM-EDS and Raman spectroscopy, indicates two ubiquitous main components: Na-K chlorides (halite + sylvite) and Na-Ca carbonates (calcite ± nahcolite). Microthermometric experiments indicate nearly magmatic trapping temperatures (760°C to 830°C) of the homogeneous chloride-carbonate liquid. Cooling of such liquid produces two immiscible melt phases (chlorides and carbonates) at 455-435°C. This suggests that a hypersaline-carbonate fluid, exsolved from the silicate magma, can further experience another unmixing event that would occur in essentially “post-magmatic” environment.
|Autori:||FULIGNATI P; KAMENETSKY V.S; MARIANELLI P; SBRANA A|
|Titolo:||Fluid inclusion evidence of second immiscibility within magmatic fluids (79AD eruption of Mt. Vesuvius)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|