Liposomes used for delivering antineoplastic drugs to sites of disease are able to minimize side effects and enhance therapeutic efficacy. Liposomal Daunorubicin (Daunoxome; DNX) has a selective and higher accumulation in neoplastic tissues and seems to be able to escape Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR). We treated 35 elderly patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with PVBECDNX, a regimen analogue to P-VABEC in which doxorubicin is replaced with DNX at a dose of 50 mg (first 13 patients) and thereafter 50 mg/m2. Twenty-six out of 35 patients were evaluable for response; 15 obtained a CR, 5 a PR (overall response rate of 77%). After a median follow-up of 13 months the 2-years actuarial overall survival was 75% and the failure-free survival was 71%. Two patients out of six no responders died because of progression of disease, and one died in CR because of pre-existing cardiovascular disorders. Eight patients did not tolerate DNX infusion (back pain). Non-haematological toxicity was mild. This study confirms that PVABEC-like regimens are able to induce a high overall response rate in a percentage of patients affected by aggressive lymphoma and shows that DNX is as effective as Daunorubicin in these disorders, but its acute toxicity is reduced.
|Autori:||CERVETTI G; CARACCIOLO F; CECCONI N; AZZARA A; PETRINI M|
|Titolo:||Efficacy and toxicity of liposomal daunorubicin included in PVABEC regimen for aggressive NHL of the elderly|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|