We investigated the expression of the substance P (SP) receptor (the neurokinin 1 receptor, NK1 receptor) and SP functional effects in developing rabbit retinas. NK1 receptors in adult retinas were in a population of cone bipolar cells and in dopaminergic amacrine cells, as previously described. In contrast, at birth and at postnatal day (PND) 6, NK1 receptors were exclusively expressed by cholinergic amacrine and displaced amacrine cells. NK1 receptor expression in cholinergic cells was still observed at PND10 (eye opening), while at PND21 it was confined to cholinergic cells of the inner nuclear layer. Starting at PND10, NK1 receptors were also in bipolar cells and in dopaminergic amacrine cells. A fully mature NK1 receptor expression pattern was observed at PND35. Dopamine release was assessed in isolated retinas in the presence of SP, the NK1 receptor agonist GR73632 or the NK1 receptor antagonist GR82334. At PND35, extracellular dopamine was significantly increased by 10 microM SP or 0.01-100 microM GR73632, and it was decreased by 0.01-10 microM GR82334. No effects were detected in developing retinas up to PND21. Ca2+ imaging experiments were performed in single cholinergic cells identified by their "starburst" morphology in perinatal retinas. Intracellular Ca2+ levels were significantly increased by 1 microM SP or GR73632. This effect was reversibly inhibited by 1 microM GR82334. These data demonstrate that both NK1 receptor expression and SP physiological actions are developmentally regulated in the retina. SP neurotransmission in the immature retina may subserve developmental events, and SP is likely to represent an important developmental factor for the maturation of retinal neurons and circuitries.
|Autori:||CASINI G; DAL MONTE M; FORNAI F; BOSCO L; WILLEMS D; YANG Q; ZHOU ZJ; BAGNOLI P|
|Titolo:||Neurokinin 1 receptor expression and substance P physiological actions are developmentally regulated in the rabbit retina|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2003.10.049|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|