A one-day survey was carried out in 88 out of 113 public hospitals in Lombardy to obtain prevalence rates of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) by hospital departments and to identify the pathogens more frequently involved. In total 18 667 patients were surveyed, representing 72% of the average daily total of occupied beds in public hospitals in Lombardy. The overall prevalence of HAI was 4.9%. The highest prevalence was observed in intensive care units and in spinal units. The prevalence of bloodstream infections was 0.6%; pneumonia 1.1%; urinary tract infections 1.6% and gastrointestinal infections 0.4%. In surgical patients the prevalence of surgical site infections was 2.7%. The most frequently isolated pathogen from all sites of infections was Escherichia coli (16.8%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (15.0%), Pseudomonos aeruginosa (13.2%) and Candida spp. (8.7%). Methicillin-resistant S. aureus accounted for 23% of all isolated S. aureus. The results provide baseline data for rational priorities in allocation of resources, for further studies and for infection control activities. (C) 2003 The Hospital Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||LIZIOLI A; PRIVITERA G; ALLIATA E; ANTONIETTA BANFI EM; BOSELLI L; PANCERI ML; PERNA MC; PORRETTA A; SANTINI MG; CARRERI V|
|Titolo:||Prevalence of nosocomial infections in Italy: result from the Lombardy survey in 2000|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0195-6701(03)00078-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|