Microsporum canis is the dermatophyte most frequently recovered from canine and feline ringworm cases. The household environment can be contaminated both by symptomatic animals and through asymptomatic M canis carriage, resulting in a potential human health risk. The load of M canis arthrospores was determined in households harbouring infected pets, in order to evaluate the infectivity of the animals versus the environment. The environments inhabited by 30 symptomatic animals (21 cats and 9 dogs) infected by M canis were examined by sampling both surfaces and indoor air. The surfaces were examined by means of contact plates; the air sampling was performed with a Sas super-100 AIR SAMPLER (PBI, Italy). Environmental contamination was detected in all households with cats, while only four out of nine houses harbouring dogs were found positive. The frequence of isolation in each sampling, and the results in terms of colony forming units per plate in the different houses appeared to be quite homogeneous. Heavily infected environments harboured kittens only. Infected owners were observed in eight households, in all of which at least one infected cat was present. No history of human dermatophytosis in households harbouring dogs was found. On the basis of our results, infected cats appear to cause substantial environmental contamination, and provoke a substantial presence of viable airborne fungal elements. Dogs seem to be of lower importance in the spread of M canis: they contaminated surfaces, but they never contaminated the air. The results of this study confirm the potential leading role of the feline species in the environmental spread of M canis. (C) 2003 ESFM and AAFP. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Autori interni:||MANCIANTI, FRANCESCA|
|Autori:||Mancianti F; Nardoni S; Corazza M; D'Achille P; Ponticelli C|
|Titolo:||Environmental detection of Microsporum canis arthrospores in the households of infected cats and dogs|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S1098-612X(03)00071-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|