This study investigates the spatial and temporal characteristics of human visual mechanisms that respond selectively to the polarity of edges. The technique was to record steady-state visual evoked-potentials (VEPs) while visually stimulating with a sawtooth waveform (a series of edges of the same polarity) periodically reversing in contrast (and hence edge-polarity) at a suitable frequency. To ensure that phase-locked VEPs resulted from polarity reversal (rather than local luminance modulation) the stimuli were randomly jittered to a new position between each contrast reversal. The jittered stimulus elicited strong and reliable second-harmonic modulation, usually about one-fifth the amplitude of standard VEPs under similar conditions. The amplitude and extrapolated thresholds of polarity-specific VEPs (relative to standard VEPs) did not vary with eccentricity (up to 10-degrees) or with stimulus orientation. The dependency on spatial frequency was similar to that of standard VEPs, but the polarity-specific VEPs tended to peak at lower temporal frequencies. Perhaps the clearest difference in the two types of VEPs was in the estimated response latency, about 140 msec for the polarity VEPs, compared with 90 msec for standard VEPs.
|Autori:||BURR DC; MORRONE M.C.; FIORENTINI A|
|Titolo:||ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF EDGE-SELECTIVE MECHANISMS OF HUMAN VISION|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0042-6989(92)90133-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|