The political movement "Nuova Destra" (ND) – or New Right – as it is called by the Italian media, has taken shape thanks to the efforts of a group of young people of diverse political provenance, now grouped mainly round the current of the MSI (the Italian neo-fascist Social Movement) guided by Pino Rauti. The ND inherits its ferocious criticism of liberalism and individualism from Julius Evola and Alain de Benoist. By trying to impose its own brand of modernisation all over the world, liberal-democratic society has become the ND's true enemy. In the quest for a middle course between liberalism and the catastrophe of the collectivist regimes, the aim is to overcome old rivalries and abandon the use of tired categorisations such as right and left to address the movements which have emerged since 1968 directly, delegitimising the present party system through combined effort. In its attemps to reconciliate opposites, the ND has often fallen into irremediable contradictions, which have, in turn, induced even the most attentive observers to reach often contrasting interpretations. There can be no doubt though that by rejecting individualism the members of the ND are to be set among the ranks of nostalgic devotees of the closed society.