BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess intratumoral microvessel density (IMD) in tissue samples from primary ovarian carcinomas, and to correlate this angiogenic parameter with the common clinico-pathological variables, response to chemotherapy and prognosis of patients with this malignancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigation was conducted on 64 patients who underwent initial surgery for FIGO stages I-IV ovarian carcinoma. Paraffin-embedded sections of primary tumor specimens were analyzed for IMD by immunohistochemistry using anti-CD34 antibodies. In detail, we assessed the 49 patients with advanced (FIGO stages II-IV) disease. Postoperative chemotherapy consisted of paclitaxel/platinum-based chemotherapy in 36 (73.5%) patients and platinum-based chemotherapy in 13. RESULTS: The IMD ranged from 6 to 115 microvessels/field, with a median value of 40, and correlated with none of the common clinico-pathological variables of ovarian carcinoma. As for the patients with advanced disease, women with elevated IMD (> or = 40 microvessels/field) had a higher chance of achieving a complete response to chemotherapy when compared to those with lower IMD (p = 0.0068). Multiple logistic regression showed that IMD was an independent predictor of complete response to chemotherapy (p = 0.0094). By log-rank test, patients with elevated IMD had a better progression-free survival (p = 0.0039) and a better overall survival (p = 0.0365) when compared to those with lower IMD. The Cox model showed that IMD was the only independent prognostic variable for both progression-free survival (p = 0.0112) and overall survival (p = 0.0296). DISCUSSION: The present retrospective analysis seems to show a positive association between IMD, response to chemotherapy, mainly represented by a paclitaxel/platinum-based regimen, and clinical outcome of patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma.
|Autori:||GADDUCCI A; VIACAVA P; COSIO S; FANELLI G; FANUCCHI A; CECCHETTI D; CRISTOFANI R; GENAZZANI A|
|Titolo:||Intratumoral microvessel density, response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|