OBJECTIVE: Recent prospective studies have identified hyperlipidaemia as an independent determinant of diabetic nephropathy. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in the postprandial processing of triglycerides and VLDL. Among a number of common sequence variants of the LPL, HindIII has been associated with coronary heart disease and, more recently, with microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the progression of renal disease in hypercholesterolaemic type 2 diabetic patients in relation to this polymorphism. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: We followed up for 4 years 65 consecutively enrolled microalbuminuric patients with type 2 diabetes; of whom 28 had hypercholesterolaemia (6.62 +/- 0.9 mmol L(-1), group A) and 37 were normocholesterolaemic (4.68 +/- 0.5 mmol L(-1), group B). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: After performing the genetic analyses, albumin excretion rate (AER) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR), calculated by the simplified equation of the MDRD Study Group, were repeated every year. RESULTS: In group A, AER increased more (deltaAER: 11 [38] vs. 4 [18] microg min(-1) per year in group B, P < 0.0001) while GFR declined faster (-3.5 +/- 2.1 vs. -2.0 +/- 1.4 mL min(-1) per year, P < 0.02). Patients homozygous for the allele + of HindIII showed a significantly faster decline of GFR and a higher increase of AER (both P = 0.0001) even after adjustment for cholesterol levels and anthropometric variables. CONCLUSIONS: In hypercholesterolaemic type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria, the renal disease has an accelerated course, particularly in those carrying the H+/H+ genotype of the HindIII polymorphism at the LPL locus.

Lipoprotein lipase gene variants and progression of nephropathy in hypercholesterolaemic patients with type 2 diabetes.

SOLINI, ANNA;NANNIPIERI, MONICA;FERRANNINI, ELEUTERIO
2004

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Recent prospective studies have identified hyperlipidaemia as an independent determinant of diabetic nephropathy. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in the postprandial processing of triglycerides and VLDL. Among a number of common sequence variants of the LPL, HindIII has been associated with coronary heart disease and, more recently, with microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the progression of renal disease in hypercholesterolaemic type 2 diabetic patients in relation to this polymorphism. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: We followed up for 4 years 65 consecutively enrolled microalbuminuric patients with type 2 diabetes; of whom 28 had hypercholesterolaemia (6.62 +/- 0.9 mmol L(-1), group A) and 37 were normocholesterolaemic (4.68 +/- 0.5 mmol L(-1), group B). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: After performing the genetic analyses, albumin excretion rate (AER) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR), calculated by the simplified equation of the MDRD Study Group, were repeated every year. RESULTS: In group A, AER increased more (deltaAER: 11 [38] vs. 4 [18] microg min(-1) per year in group B, P < 0.0001) while GFR declined faster (-3.5 +/- 2.1 vs. -2.0 +/- 1.4 mL min(-1) per year, P < 0.02). Patients homozygous for the allele + of HindIII showed a significantly faster decline of GFR and a higher increase of AER (both P = 0.0001) even after adjustment for cholesterol levels and anthropometric variables. CONCLUSIONS: In hypercholesterolaemic type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria, the renal disease has an accelerated course, particularly in those carrying the H+/H+ genotype of the HindIII polymorphism at the LPL locus.
Solini, Anna; Passaro, A; Fioretto, P; Nannipieri, Monica; Ferrannini, Eleuterio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/186948
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