The influence on electrical resistance and membrane potential of rabbit corneas in vitro of some chemicals used as adjuvants in ophthalmic formulations was investigated, in the attempt to correlate changes in electrophysiological properties of the corneal tissue (possibly indicative of toxic/damaging effects to the corneal epithelium), with the promoting effect of the substances on transcorneal permeation in vitro of timolol maleate (TM). The chemicals, tested at different concentrations, were benzalkonium chloride (BAC), sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), polyoxyethylene-20-stearyl ether (PSE), polyethoxylated castor oil (PCO), deoxycholic acid sodium salt (DC) and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC). For these substances, definite correlations were found between promoting activity for permeation of TM and modification of electrophysiological parameters. These parameters were in all cases significantly altered by all agents at all concentrations after a 5-h contact. However, after a 1-h contact, 0.001% PSE and CPC did not significantly modify the corneal resistance, while PCO and PSE did not significantly modify the transcorneal potential at the tested concentrations. Only 0.001% PSE, a nonionic surfactant used as solubilizer and emulsifier, active as promoter for TM, did not modify both electrophysiological parameters to a significant extent after 1 h. The results of this study indicate correlations between ocular toxicity, promoting activity for transcorneal permeation of timolol and modification of the electrophysiological parameters. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Autori interni:||CHETONI, PATRIZIA|
|Autori:||P. CHETONI; BURGALASSI S; D. MONTI; M.F. SAETTONE|
|Titolo:||Ocular toxicity of some corneal penetration enhancers evaluated by electrophysiology measurements on isolated rabbit corneas|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0887-2333(03)00052-3|
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