BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatitis C virus infection is often associated with lymphoproliferative disorders such as essential mixed cryoglobulinemia and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which show preferential expression of VHI family products. By analyzing immunoglobulin heavy chain usage, we addressed the question of whether or not clonal B-cell expansion occurrs in patients free of essential mixed cryoglobulinemia or non-Hodgkin lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hepatitis C virus-positive patients, all undergoing liver transplantation, were studied. Peripheral blood, intra-hepatic, and lymph node lymphocytes were used as a source of B cells. A patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and fresh blood from four healthy donors were used as negative controls. VHI family sequences were cloned and analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Immunoglobulin heavy chain sequences from clonally expanded B lymphocytes were identified in three out of four hepatitis C virus-infected patients. The clonally expanded B lymphocyte populations showed a broad spectra of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene usage. CONCLUSIONS: HCV infection can induce B-cell expansion with larger clonal variation. The restricted V gene usage in hepatitis C virus-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma suggests that there may be selection mechanisms to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma from non-malignant, clonally expanded B-cell populations in hepatitis C virus-infected patients.
|Autori:||GALLI-STAMPINO L; PASQUALINI A; POZZATO G; BONINO F; FILIPPONI F; MOSCA M; MASCIOPINTO F; ABRIGNANI S; UEMATSU Y|
|Titolo:||Molecular analysis of V(H)I+ B lymphocytes in hepatitis C patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|