The purpose of the present work was to assess whether upregulation of trophic factors and protection from damage induced in the retina by optic nerve section are associated with changes in the flash electroretinogram (ERG). We have examined the ERG in adult pigmented rat at different survival times over a period of 3 months following section of the optic nerve. The a-wave was analyzed using the Lamb-Pugh model and the parameters of best fit were estimated in control animals and at successive survival times. The amplitudes of the a- and b-waves were reduced over the first 7 days after nerve section. The a-wave recovered its relative amplitude by 21 days, but the b-wave remained depressed 5 weeks following nerve section. Analysis of the a-wave indicated a 20-30% reduction in the dark current of sectioned eyes at 7 days survival. A significant reduction of the amplification constant was observed in both nerve-sectioned and nerve-intact eyes, relative to normal and sham-operated controls. This reduction persisted to the longest survival time examined. The reduction of the a-wave at 7 days after nerve section coincides with a period of upregulation of ciliary nerve trophic factor. The amplification factor is influenced over a longer time course, which corresponds with a period of up-regulation of basic fibroblast growth factor. These changes in growth factor expression and ERG parameters are in turn associated with protection of photoreceptors against light damage. Present results suggest that the sensitivity of the retina to light may be regulated by mechanisms which protect photoreceptors against stress.
|Autori:||GARGINI C; BISTI S; DEMONTIS G; VALTER K; STONE J; CERVETTO L|
|Titolo:||Electroretinogram changes associated with retinal upregulation of trophic factors: observations following optic nerve section|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.neuroscience.2004.04.028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|