Scintillators suitable for PET applications must be characterized by a high efficiency for gamma-ray detection, determined by a high density and atomic number of the crystal: a fast light signal that allows to achieve a good time resolution and to cope with high counting rates; a high light yield for a good energy and time resolution: a good linearity of the light output as a function of the energy to preserve the intrinsic energy resolution of the scintillator. Recently developed LSO:Ce scintillators, co-doped with Ca, have been produced by the University of Tennessee group. They are characterized by the improved performance of most the above-mentioned characteristics. The crystals, initially tested with PMTs, showed a higher light output, faster light pulse, improved energy resolution and reduced afterglow, as compared to the standard LSO:Ce crystals. Even though the PMTs still represent the gold standard photodetectors, the recently available SiPMs are now valid candidate to replace PMTs in the next generation of PET scanners thanks to their compactness, high spatial resolution performances, low bias operating voltage and, most important for combined PET/MRI systems, insensitivity to static and RF fields. In this work we present the performance of Ca co-doped LSO:Ce samples coupled to SiPMs and PMTs. In particular we have assessed their performances by evaluating the energy and time resolution. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Bisogni M; Collazuol G. M.; Marcatili S.; Melcher C. L.; Del Guerra A.; RI Collazuol Gianmaria/C-5670-2012 Melcher Charles/E-9818-2012|
|Titolo:||Characterization of Ca co-doped LSO:Ce scintillators coupled to SiPM for PET applications|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.nima.2010.07.016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|