This study was aimed at verifying the performances of a mucoadhesive polysaccharide from tamarind seed (xyloglucan or TSP, tamarind seed polysaccharide) as an adjuvant for ophthalmic vehicles containing timolol. Three formulations tone experimental vehicle based on TSP and two reference commercial eye drops) containing 5 mg/ml timolol base equivalents were administered to the eyes of pigmented rabbits. Drug concentrations in tear fluid, cornea, iris-ciliary body, aqueous humor and plasma were determined, as well as intraocular pressure. The polymer under investigation, in spite of a comparatively low viscosity, produced high timolol concentrations in the ocular tissues and a low systemic absorption. The performances of the TSP vehicle were comparable to those of a reference "in situ" gelling formulation (Timoptic(R) XE). The results point to TSP as a potentially useful dadjuvant for ophthalmic delivery systems.
|Autori:||BURGALASSI S; CHETONI P; PANICHI L; BOLDRINI E; SAETTONE M.F|
|Titolo:||Xyloglucan as a novel vehicle for timolol: Pharmacokinetics and pressure lowering activity in rabbits|
|Anno del prodotto:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1089/JOP.2000.16.497|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|