BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate videodensitometric parameters of the myocardium, in dialysis patients, who represent a complex pathophysiological model of pressure volume overload, and in essential hypertensive patients with the same level of left ventricular mass. METHODS: We compared a group of male dialysis patients (D) with two groups: hypertensive patients (H) with comparable left ventricular mass and normotensive healthy subjects as controls (C). The groups (n=15 each) were age- (53 +/- 9 years) and gender-matched. Quantitative analysis of echocardiographic digitalized imaging was performed to calculate the mean grey level (MGL) and cyclic variation index (CVI). RESULTS: The haemodialysis patients had a significantly lower CVI compared with hypertensives and controls both for septum (D): -2.5 +/- 17.4% vs (H); 11.8 +/- 17% vs (C); 43.2 +/- 15.4% (P<0.001) and for posterior wall (D): -10.1 +/- 261% vs (H); 14.2 +/- 14.7% vs (C); 46.6 +/- 17.2% (P<0.001). A significant inverse relationship was found between intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and CVI. CONCLUSION: Abnormalities of two-dimensional echocardiographic grey level distribution are present in both haemodialysis patients and hypertensive patients, but seem unrelated to the degree of echocardiographic hypertrophy. These videodensitometric myocardial alterations are significantly higher in dialysis patients than in hypertensive patients with the same extent of left ventricular hypertrophy. The iPTH level may play a role in the development of the ultrasonic myocardial alterations, which probably represent an early stage of uraemic cardiomyopathy

Ultrasonic videodensitometric analysis of myocardium in end-stage renal disease treated with haemodialysis

DI BELLO, VITANTONIO;PANICHI, VINCENZO;PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO;GIUSTI, COSTANTINO
1999

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate videodensitometric parameters of the myocardium, in dialysis patients, who represent a complex pathophysiological model of pressure volume overload, and in essential hypertensive patients with the same level of left ventricular mass. METHODS: We compared a group of male dialysis patients (D) with two groups: hypertensive patients (H) with comparable left ventricular mass and normotensive healthy subjects as controls (C). The groups (n=15 each) were age- (53 +/- 9 years) and gender-matched. Quantitative analysis of echocardiographic digitalized imaging was performed to calculate the mean grey level (MGL) and cyclic variation index (CVI). RESULTS: The haemodialysis patients had a significantly lower CVI compared with hypertensives and controls both for septum (D): -2.5 +/- 17.4% vs (H); 11.8 +/- 17% vs (C); 43.2 +/- 15.4% (P<0.001) and for posterior wall (D): -10.1 +/- 261% vs (H); 14.2 +/- 14.7% vs (C); 46.6 +/- 17.2% (P<0.001). A significant inverse relationship was found between intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and CVI. CONCLUSION: Abnormalities of two-dimensional echocardiographic grey level distribution are present in both haemodialysis patients and hypertensive patients, but seem unrelated to the degree of echocardiographic hypertrophy. These videodensitometric myocardial alterations are significantly higher in dialysis patients than in hypertensive patients with the same extent of left ventricular hypertrophy. The iPTH level may play a role in the development of the ultrasonic myocardial alterations, which probably represent an early stage of uraemic cardiomyopathy
DI BELLO, Vitantonio; Panichi, Vincenzo; Pedrinelli, Roberto; Giorgi, D; Bianchi, M; Bertini, A; Taccola, D; De Pietro, S; Talini, E; Paterni, M; Giusti, Costantino
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/189212
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact