Abstract Inactivating mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor gene (CaR) might explain abnormalities in the regulation of both parathyroid cell proliferation and parathyroid hormone secretion. In a previous study, using RNAse A protection assay, no mutations were identified in a series of parathyroid specimens from patients with primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism, but the analysis was incomplete, since part of exon 6 could not be analyzed. In the present study, we examined the presence of mutations in the CaR gene in 20 parathyroid adenomas using direct sequencing. The entire coding region of the CaR gene was successfully amplified by polymerase chain reaction and directly sequenced. This analysis did not identify CaR gene mutations in any tumors studied. A polymorphism that encoded a single amino acid change (Ala826Thr) was identified in 4 parathyroid adenomas and in 8 of 50 normal unrelated subjects. Loss of heterozygosity studies were also performed on adenomas using markers for the locus of the CaR gene on chromosome 3q. No allelic loss was demonstrated. In conclusion, our results extend previous observation and suggest that clonal somatic mutations of the CaR gene and allelic loss at the CaR locus on chromosome 3q do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of sporadic parathyroid tumors.
|Autori:||CETANI F; PINCHERA A; PARDI E; CIANFEROTTI L; VIGNALI E; PICONE A; MICCOLI P; VIACAVA P; MARCOCCI C|
|Titolo:||No evidence for mutations in the calcium-sensing receptor gene in sporadic parathyroid adenomas|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1359/jbmr.1918.104.22.1688|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|