The reproducibility of serotonin (5-HT) and (+)8-OH-DPAT-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity was assessed in membranes, stimulated by forskolin, of rat frontal cortex postmortem as well as of human fronto-cortical, hippocampal and dorsal raphe tissues obtained from autopsy brains. The results revealed that differences between basal and forskolin-stimulated enzyme activities were still significant after 48 h postmortem in rat cortex and in all human brain regions up to 46 h after death. However, a decrease of about 17 and 26% in forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity was observed at 24 and 48 h, respectively, in rat cortex. 5-HT and the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, (+)8-hydroxy-2(di-N-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), were able to inhibit forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity in a dose-dependent manner for 48 h after death in rat and human brain. In rat cortex, both 5-HT and (+)8-OH-DPAT potencies (EC(50), nM) and efficacies (percent of maximum inhibition capacity, %) varied significantly with postmortem delay. Conversely, in human tissues, postmortem delay and subject age did not modify agonist potencies and efficacies. Furthermore, a regionality of 5-HT potency and efficacy was revealed in the human brain. 5-HT was equally potent in cortex and raphe nuclei, while being more potent but less effective in hippocampus. (+)8-OH-DPAT was more active in hippocampus and raphe nuclei than in cortex. (+)8-OH-DPAT behaved as an agonist in all areas, as its efficacy was similar or greater than those obtained with 5-HT. The (+)8-OH-DPAT dose-response curve was completely reversed by 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists in rat cortex and all human brain areas. In conclusion, we suggest here that differences between rat and human brain might exist at the level of postmortem degradation of 5-HT-sensitive adenylyl cyclase activity. In human brain, 5-HT(1A) receptor-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase seems to be reproducible, suggesting that reliable experiments can be carried out on postmortem specimens from patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Palego L; Giromella A; Marazziti D; Borsini F; Naccarato AG; Giannaccini G; Lucacchini A; Cassano GB; Mazzoni MR|
|Titolo:||Effects of postmortem delay on serotonin and (+)8-OH-DPAT-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity in rat and human brain tissues|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0006-8993(98)01156-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|