The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the detection of common bile duct stones. A series of 286 consecutive patients were referred for MRCP, that was performed with a 1.5 T MR unit, through a non-breath-hold, respiratory-triggered, fat-suppressed, two-dimensional, heavily T2-weighted fast spin-echo sequence in the coronal plane. Axial T1 and T2-weighted sequences were first obtained. Axial, coronal, and Maximum Intensity Projection images were evaluated by three independent readers, who were asked to determine whether stones were present or not inside the biliary tract. The findings of MRCP images were compared with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, percutaneous trans-hepatic cholangiography, intra-operative cholangiography, surgical, or imaging follow-up findings. Two-hundred and seventy-eight out of 286 MRCP examinations were judged diagnostic by the three reviewers. Among the 278 patients included in our study group, biliary tract lithiasis was proved in 76 cases (27%). On the basis of reviewers' reading, MRCP had sensitivity 92-93%, specificity 97-98%, positive predictive value 91-93%, negative predictive value 97-98%, and the diagnostic accuracy ranged between 95% and 96% in the detection of calculi. Interobserver agreement was excellent (K = 0.84, kappa statistic). MRCP showed a high diagnostic accuracy and an excellent inter-observer agreement in the detection of common bile duct stones.
|Autori:||Boraschi P; Neri E; Braccini G; Gigoni R; Caramella D; Perri G; Bartolozzi C|
|Titolo:||Choledocolithiasis: Diagnostic accuracy of MR cholangiopancreatography. Three-year experience|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0730-725X(99)00075-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|