Following a molecular simplification approach, we have identified the 2-phenylphthalazin-1(2H)-one (PHTZ) ring system as a new decorable core skeleton for the design of novel hA(3) adenosine receptor (AR) antagonists. Interest for this new series was driven by the structural similarity between the PHTZ skeleton and both the 2-aryl-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (TQX) and the 4-carboxamido-quinazoline (QZ) scaffolds extensively investigated in our previously reported studies. Our attention was focused at position 4 of the phthalazine nucleus where different amido and ureido moieties were introduced (compounds 2-20). Some of the new PHTZ compounds showed high hA(3) AR affinity and selectivity, the 2,5-dimethoxyphenylphthalazin-1(2H)-one 18 being the most potent and selective hA(3) AR antagonist among this series (K(i) = 0.776 nM; hA(1)/hA(3) and hA(2A)/hA(3) > 12000). Molecular docking studies on the PHTZ derivatives revealed for these compounds a binding mode similar to that of the previously reported TQX and QZ series, as was expected from the simplification approach.
|Autori:||Poli, D; Catarzi, D; Colotta, V; Varano, F; Filacchioni, G; Daniele, Simona; Trincavelli, MARIA LETIZIA; Martini, Claudia; Paoletta, S; Moro, S.|
|Titolo:||The identification of the 2-phenylphthalazin-1(2H)-one scaffold as a new decorable core skeleton for the design of potent and selective human A3 adenosine receptor antagonists|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jm101328n.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|