We address the problem of determining the critical equation of state of three-dimensional XY systems. For this purpose we first consider the small-field expansion of the effective potential (Helmholtz free energy) in the high-temperature phase. We compute the first few nontrivial zero-momentum ii-point renormalized couplings, which parametrize such expansion, by analyzing the high-temperature expansion of an improved lattice Hamiltonian with suppressed leading scaling corrections. These results are then used to construct parametric representations of the critical equation of state which are valid in the whole critical regime, satisfy the correct analytic properties (Griffith's analyticity), and take into account the Goldstone singularities at the coexistence curve. A systematic approximation scheme is introduced, which is limited essentially by the number of known terms in the small-field expansion df the effective potential. From our approximate representations of the equation of state, we derive estimates of universal ratios of amplitudes. For the specific-heat amplitude ratio we obtain A(+)/A(-)=1.055(3), to be compared with the best experimental estimate A(+)/A(-)=1.054(1).
|Autori:||Campostrini, M; Pelissetto, A; Rossi, Paolo; Vicari, Ettore|
|Titolo:||Critical equation of state of three-dimensional XY systems|
|Anno del prodotto:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.62.5843|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|