This paper deals with subspace-based target detection in hyperspectral images. Specifically, it focuses on a general detection scheme where, first, background is suppressed through orthogonal-subspace projection and then target detection is accomplished. An adequate estimation of the background subspace is essential to a successful outcome. The background subspace has been typically estimated globally. However, global approachesmay be ineffective for small-target-detection applications since they tend to overestimate the background interference affecting a given target. This may result in a low target residual energy after background suppression that is detrimental to detection performance. In this paper, we propose a novel and fully automatic algorithm for local background-subspace estimation (LBSE). Local background has typically a lower inherent complexity than that of global background. By estimating the background subspace over a local neighborhood of the test pixel, the resulting background-subspace dimension is expected to be low, thus resulting in a higher target residual energy after suppression which benefits the detection performance. Specifically, the proposed LBSE acts on a per-pixel basis, thus adaptively tailoring the estimated basis to the local complexity of background. Both simulated and real hyperspectral data are employed to investigate the detection-performance improvements offered by LBSE with respect to both global and local methodologies previously presented.

An automatic approach to adaptive local background estimation and suppression in hyperspectral target detection

MATTEOLI, STEFANIA;Acito N;DIANI, MARCO;CORSINI, GIOVANNI
2011

Abstract

This paper deals with subspace-based target detection in hyperspectral images. Specifically, it focuses on a general detection scheme where, first, background is suppressed through orthogonal-subspace projection and then target detection is accomplished. An adequate estimation of the background subspace is essential to a successful outcome. The background subspace has been typically estimated globally. However, global approachesmay be ineffective for small-target-detection applications since they tend to overestimate the background interference affecting a given target. This may result in a low target residual energy after background suppression that is detrimental to detection performance. In this paper, we propose a novel and fully automatic algorithm for local background-subspace estimation (LBSE). Local background has typically a lower inherent complexity than that of global background. By estimating the background subspace over a local neighborhood of the test pixel, the resulting background-subspace dimension is expected to be low, thus resulting in a higher target residual energy after suppression which benefits the detection performance. Specifically, the proposed LBSE acts on a per-pixel basis, thus adaptively tailoring the estimated basis to the local complexity of background. Both simulated and real hyperspectral data are employed to investigate the detection-performance improvements offered by LBSE with respect to both global and local methodologies previously presented.
Matteoli, Stefania; Acito, N; Diani, Marco; Corsini, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/190385
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