Investigation of the biodegradability of water soluble poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) based blown films was carried out under different lab-scale environmental conditions. In particular respirometric tests were utilized in order to evaluate the biodegradability of PVA films in composting, in modified Sturm test and in soil burial simulation tests. Several microbial inocula present in river water, mature compost, forest and farm soils as well as sewage sludge from municipal and paper mill wastewater treatments plants were utilized for the relevant tests. A mixed PVA-degrading microbial culture was obtained by a common enrichment procedure by using sewage sludge from paper mill as inoculum; this culture was tentatively utilized for the isolation of single PVA-degrading microorganisms. As a first result we can stress that significant biodegradation extent in fairly low incubation time can be obtained only in the presence of acclimated microbial populations such as those deriving from paper mill sewage sludge, in liquid cultures. Nevertheless separation of single degrading microbial species was impossible most likely due to the establishment of symbiotic or commensal interactions between the single components of the PVA-degrading mixed cultures. On the other hand, limited mineralization rates were recorded in solid cultures in the presence of soil or compost. Finally, a mechanism of degradation of polymer chains unlike random or unzipping was suggested in the presence of either PVA-degrading mixed culture and its filtrate by means of viscometric determinations of molecular weight within the time.
|Autori:||CHIELLINI E; CORTI A.; D'ANTONE S.; SOLARO R.|
|Titolo:||Biodegradation of PVA-based formulations|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/masy.19991440112|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|